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Types of Retaining Walls

INCLUDES GRAVITY, CANTILEVER, ANCHORED, AND PILES

COMMON EXAMPLES

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GRAVITY RETAINING WALLS

Gravity retaining walls, the economical of the four types, are prevalent at single-family, townhome, and condominium sites. 

 

Segmental retaining walls (SRW), stone placed, and Gabion retaining walls are of the gravity-type.

Types of Gravity Walls

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CANTILEVER RETAINING WALLS

Cantilever walls are formed to have a shape, including a wide base, that resists rotation.  The shape of a cantilever wall can vary. 

 

Cantilevers are often pre-cast (made at a concrete forming facility), and individual sections are transported to the construction site.  Large cantilever walls are cast in place (formed on-site).

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ANCHORED RETAINING WALLS

Anchored retaining walls can be constructed from concrete, timber, or metal.

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PILING RETAINING WALLS

Piling retaining walls are often utilized on sites where horizontal space is limited.  They can be constructed with fiberglass  meta, concrete, and timber.

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GRAVITY WALLS

SEGMENTAL RETAINING WALLS (SRW)

BOULDER/ROCK/STONE RETAINING WALLS

GABIONS

SRW Wall
Rock Retaining Wall
Gabion Cage

SRW walls require leveling material for a stable base, gravel for drainage, a pipe drain system, and compacted backfill.  Depending on the height of the wall and the characteristics of on-site soil, geosynthetic reinforcement is used.  Geosynthetic reinforcement is sheets of geotextile that are layered in the backfill of the wall to stabilize the soil.

A rock wall is constructed on appropriately compacted fill material, and the individual stones, rocks, or boulders are stabilized using gravel or mortar.

A gabion is a cage, cylinder or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, military applications and landscaping.

POPULAR MANUFACTURERS OF SRW MASONRY BLOCK SYSTEMS

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CANTILEVER RETAINING WALLS

Cantilever Wall

Cantilever retaining walls are very effective at supporting heavy loading on top of the wall, such as buildings, roadways, and railroad tracks.

ANCHORED RETAINING WALLS

House

This type of wall is costly and is typically utilized in construction when space is limited.

PILING WALLS

Pile Retaining Wall

This type of wall is costly because it requires specialized equipment and labor, and is typically utilized in construction when space is limited.

RETAINING WALL GALLERY

Gravity retaining walls vary in form and materials, and rely primarily on the weight of the wall itself to hold back the forces of the earth behind the wall.

Boulder, rock and segmented retaining walls (SRW) are popular in residential construction.

Gabion Landscaping Retaining Wall

Gabion Landscaping Retaining Wall

Boulder Retaining Wall

Boulder Retaining Wall

Structural Gabion Retaining Wall

Structural Gabion Retaining Wall

Structural Gabion Retaining Wall

Structural Gabion Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Large Stone Retaining Wall

Large Stone Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Segmental Retaining Wall

Stone Retaining Wall

Stone Retaining Wall

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